The Flavian Amphitheatre, best known as Colosseum or Coliseum, is an amphitheater built in the period of ancient Rome, which is now the capital of Italy. It owes its name to the Latin expression Colosseum, due to the colossal statue of the Roman emperor Nero that was near the building.
Originally capable of housing close to 50 000 people, it was used for various shows. Started by Vespasian, the Colosseum was built just east of the Roman Forum and was later inaugurated by Titus circa 79-81 AD, being completed a few years later.
The Colosseum was used for approximately 400 years. The building ceased to be used for entertainment in the early Middle Ages, but was later used as housing, workshops, fort, quarry, headquarters of religious orders and a Christian temple.
Although now in ruins due to earthquakes and looting, the Colosseum has always been seen as a symbol of the Roman Empire. Today it’s one of the biggest tourist attractions in Rome.